What is Colon Cancer? Symptoms, Risk Factors, Prevention

Colon Cancer is a disease in which cancer cells are found in the intermediate and longer portion of the large intestine.

This type of cancer is very common worldwide, but is also very easy time to detect it. It also has very high statistics of healing. The colon is the part that is the end of the large intestine, feces are stored here before being expelled to the outside through the rectum. In doing this work, accumulate waste substances, for this reason the ideal place for the appearance of cancer cells.

Colon cancer

Colon Cancer Risk factor’s

  • It has more than 60 years.
  • Eat a diet high in red or processed meats.
  • It has colorectal polyps.
  • It has inflammatory bowel disease (Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis).
  • It has a family history of colon cancer.
  • It has a sedentary lifestyle
  • Are obese
  • It is smoking

Colon Cancer SYMPTOMS

Many cases of colon cancer have no symptoms, and have a process of formation and evolution rather long. Begins with benign polyps form, when the disease progresses the patient usually display the following symptoms:  

  • Constipation or other changes in bowel habits.
  • Diarrhea or feeling of full belly.
  • Blood in the stool.
  • Changes in stool consistency.
  • Abdominal pain or discomfort.
  • Weight loss without apparent cause.
  • Loss of appetite.
  • Constant tiredness.
  • Vomiting.

Colon cancer

Colon Cancer Prevention

Exams and Tests

With proper screening, colon cancer can be detected before symptoms appear. This is the time when it is most curable. Your doctor will recommend a physical exam, this exam rarely shows any problems, so it is also recommended a rectal exam, which may reveal a mass in patients with rectal cancer, but not colon cancer. You can also do a blood test in the stool, which often detect small amounts of blood in the stool (could be the beginning of colon cancer).

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